# Wotaku Glossary

Want to increase your otaku knowledge? Look for no further! Presenting the Glossary section.

# Region

Country Comics Animation
Japan Manga Anime
Korea Manhwa Aeni
China Manhua Donghua

# Demography

Genre Target audience
Kodomo Kids (under 12)
Shounen Boys (12-18)
Shoujo Girls (12-18)
Seinen Men (19-40+)
Josei Women (19-40+)

Demography refers to the target audience for a piece of content. Studios and publishers need to market their content towards that specific audience, but it does not mean that only one demography will enjoy the show. Additionally, many anime/manga incorporate elements that appeal to various demographics.

# Genre

# Ecchi

Anime or manga with lewd scenes but is not necessarily explicit or pornographic. Example: Highschool DxD

# Isekai

Type of story where MC is transported to another world. Example: Mushoku Tensei

# Mahou Shoujo

Literally 'Magical Girl', it's a subgenre of fantasy centered around young girls who possess magical abilities, which they typically use through an ideal alter ego into which they can transform. Example: Sailor Moon

# Mecha

Abbreviation for 'Mechanical', these shows heavily feature or focus on mechanical innovation. Robots, cyborgs, androids, and space stations, for example, all fall under the wide umbrella of mecha; however, robots are usually the primary focus. Example: Neon Genesis Evangelion

# Shoujo-ai

Anime and manga that explore emotional, but largely platonic, homoerotic relationships between women. Stories with explicit content of such type, are generally referred to as 'Yuri' or 'GL'. Note that this distinction is only used by western audiences.

# Shounen-ai

Anime and manga that explore emotional, but largely platonic, homoerotic relationships between men. Stories with explicit content of such type, are generally referred to as 'Yaoi' or 'BL'. Note that this distinction is only used by western audiences.

# Slice of Life

Shows that mostly focuses on the day-to-day lives of fictional characters. They are usually chill experiences focusing on relatability and feel-good vibes.Example: Nichijou

# Wuxia

Literally means “Martial Heroes”. Fictional stories about regular humans who can achieve supernatural fighting ability through Chinese martial arts training and internal energy cultivation. Themes of chivalry, tragedy, revenge & romance are common.

# Terms

Terms Meaning
Ahoge Literally 'Stupid Hair'. refers to a strand of hair that springs upwards from the character's head. Example: Izumi Konata
Baka Stupid.
Chibi Literally "Small/Short". In real life it can be insulting but in anime it's used for cutesy style. Example: Doma Umaru
Chuunibyou It's not possible to make a justified explanation without oversimplifying things. So, read this post instead.
Doujinka/Doujinshika Doujinka is the creator of doujinshi and is a member of a doujin circle.
Doujinshi Doujinshi refers to self-published works, which can be original creations or fan fictions, such as manga, novels, artworks, music, and games.
Ecchi Lewd.
Fujoshi 'Rotten Girl'. Refers to a girl that fantasizes about guys being in a relationship with other guys, specially shipping male characters with other male characters in manga and anime.
Gijinka A type of fan-art or cosplay in which a non-human character is depicted in a human-like way (akin to personification)
Gyaru English slang equivalent of "Gal". It refers to a subculture and fashion style in Japan where girls wear dramatic tan makeup, sport big hair, and embrace 2000s fashion trends. Example: Kitagawa Marin
Hentai A term literally meaning pervert that is also used as a synonym for both animated and drawn pornography
Hikikomori The people who don't go out of their home. The phenomenon can also be termed as Hikikomori. You can watch this video to get a clearer idea.
Idol Idols are live entertainers who are expected to be 'Seiso' or pure, meaning they do not engage in romantic relationships. Their primary goal is to entertain their fans. Idol culture is particularly popular in Asia, especially Japan and Korea. Idols are usually local, but occasionally, they can be foreigners too. However, the idol culture can be dark and questionable despite being portrayed as glamorous in anime and manga. Idols group can be girls or boys group. Example: AKB48. Nowadays, vtuber groups such as Hololive are managed as an idol group.
JK "Joshi Kousei". Meaning high-school girl.
Kaiju Giant monsters. It can be mentioned as a genre too.
Kawaii Adorable.
Kouhai Junior. Can be in a workpace or school.
Loli Young or young-looking girl in anime and manga.
Moe The feeling of emotional attraction when you see something cute in manga, anime or other weeb stuff. These are SFW and can be any gender.
Nakama Literally "Comrade". Popularized by the series 'One Piece', it is nowadays used for a group of people who are closer than family.
Oshi One's favourite idol. The fan himself is known as gachikoi. It's generally used when the affection is on a serious level.
Seiso "Seiso" (清楚) refers to a particular aesthetic of purity and cleanliness that is often emphasized in the presentation of female idols. This can involve elements such as modest clothing, subtle makeup, and a generally wholesome image.
Senpai/Sempai Senior. Can be in a workplace or school.
Sensei Generally Teacher. But this can also be used to address someone who is a respected professional or very senior in the position.
Shikishi It is a high-quality art board mainly used for calligraphy and painting. Due to its exceptional quality, it is often utilized for collecting autographs featuring both simple and highly detailed artwork. Additionally, it is sometimes used as a promotional material for the show. Examples of shikishi.
Shota Young or young-looking boy in anime and manga.
Tokusatsu Literally "Special effects". These term can be applied to movies and tv shows with superheroes with a reconizable style of special effects. Examples of Tokusatsu
Trap A word used in anime community to refer to a person who looks the opposite gender. Most commonly used for male characters who look female. Example: Urushibara Ruka from Steins; Gate
Yamato Nadeshiko Japanese term used to describe an ideal Japanese woman. They are the epitome of pure, feminine beauty.
Zettai Ryouiki Translates to 'Absolute Territory'. Refers to the space of bare thighs between the skirt and above knee-length socks.

# Common Honorifics

Terms Meaning
-san It is used after a person's name to show respect. It is equivalent to 'Mr.', 'Mrs.', or 'Miss' in English.
-kun Used most often when referring to boys, this indicates affection or familiarity. Although it may occasionally be used by older men within their social circle, it can also be employed by anyone in reference to someone of lower status.
-chan An affectionate honorific indicating familiarity used mostly in reference to girls; also used in reference to cute persons or animals of either gender.
-(o)nii-chan A familiar, somewhat childish way to refer to one’s older brother.
-(o)nee-chan A familiar, somewhat childish way to refer to one's older sister.
-senpai It is used to address upperclassmen or more experienced coworkers.
-sensei A respectful term for teachers, artists, or high-level professionals.
No honorific Indicates familiarity or closeness; if used without permission or reason, addressing someone in this manner would constitute an insult.

If you want to mention a family member in formal way, here is the guide.

# Doujin Basics

Terms Meaning
Doujinshi Doujinshi refers to self-published works, which can be original creations or fan fictions, such as manga, novels, artworks, music, and games.
Doujinka/Doujinshika Doujinka is the creator of doujinshi and is a member of a doujin circle.
Doujin 'Doujin' refers to a group of people who share a common interest.
Circle The term 'circle' refers to the group that releases doujinshi, the circle may consist a group of people or a single individual.

# Kemonomimi

"Kemonomimi" means "animal ears." They are human-like characters who possess animal features such as ears, tails etc. Example: Tokai Teiou from Uma Musume

Types Meaning
Inumimi Dog ears
Kitsunemimi Fox ears
Nekomimi Cat ears
Nezumimi Mouse ears
Umamimi Horse ears
Usagimimi Rabbit ears
Ryumimi Dragon ears

# Dere Types

Words used to describe anime girls based on their personality.

As clear by the word "baka", these character(s) are literally idiots, clumsy, and do things that are questionable, but due to their child-like innocence and optimism, they are kind-hearted to other characters, even though they may not realize that, and are very annoying to a protagonist. Example: Hanabatake Yoshiko from Aho-Girl

Hanabatake Yoshiko
Hanabatake Yoshiko

'Byouki' mean illness, so these character(s) usually has some kind of physical disease, often fatal. They are mostly confined to a wheelchair or a hospital room. Generally they are kind, caring and sweet in nature. Example: Miyazono Kaori from Shigatsu wa Kimi no Uso

Miyazono Kaori
Miyazono Kaori

Introverted character(s) that are shy, quiet, and asocial, they don't like to get involved in conflicts, but their affection is shown when they are alone or with a small group of people that they love and care. Example: Komi Shouko from Komi-san wa, Komyushou Desu.

Komi Shouko
Komi Shouko

'Dere' mean love, so a deredere character is all about being lovey-dovey. These character(s) are sweet, kind and very affectionate towards the person they love, while also being generally friendly towards other characters. Example: Miia from Monster Musume


Terms Meaning
Oujodere A lady-like (as denoted with "oujo") version of deredere, that is more mature, calm and collected, typically they have a strict-nature on the outside, but are sweet on the inside. Prefer to share less about their crush, but is always pleased to help their crush and others, even in tough times. Example: Hanekawa Tsubasa from Bakemonogatari
Megadere Think of it like mega-deredere. An extreme version of deredere, that has an abnormal-obsession with their crush and are not afraid to show it to their crush. Example: Tachibana Marika from Nisekoi

Over-achieving character(s) that are loyal to their masters, they view their masters as their savior and grace, so they do anything to their ability to keep them happy, and can also involve other characters as a means to contribute to their happiness, even though their master doesn't ask for that. Example: Tooru from Miss Kobayashi's Dragon Maid


Character(s) that isn't nervous and embarrassed with others, but on the contrary are when they are around their crush. Example: Boa Hancok from One Piece

Boa Hancock
Boa Hancock

Terms Meaning
Himedere Hime means princess. It's a character who wishes to be treated like a princess or a queen by the person she loves, even if she is not actual royalty. Example: Nakiri Erina from Food Wars
Oujidere Ouji means prince. It's the male counterpart. Example: Lelouch Lamperouge from Code Geass
Kamidere Kami means god. It's the same concept but taken to the extreme. Example: Kiryuuin Satsuki from Kill la Kill

A Character(s) who has cynical world views, is cold-hearted, and are is highly arrogant. They will get easily annoyed by other people, including their love interest at first. Example:Annie Leonhart from Attack on Titan

Annie Leonhart
Annie Leonhart

'Hiyakasu' means 'to tease'. They are character who likes to tease others and sometimes flirt with those they like. They will act really seductive in front of other people and will tease those that get embarrassed easily by their actions and words, possibly the love interest. Example: Holo from Spice & Wolf


'Kane' means money. They are the anime equivalent of gold diggers. They often just care about how much money a person has, and nothing else. However, if they truly love someone the habit can be broken. Example: Eva Heinemann from Monster

Eva Heinemann
Eva Heinemann

A character who used to be an antagonist or villain of the series but switched sides after falling in love or becoming fond of another character. Example: Esdeath from Akame ga Kill!


Character(s) that are sleepy - they sleep with or without an intent to do so, they will also try to get as much sleep as they can. Accompanied by those qualities they may also be lazy (which in this case they'd be both a nemuidere and darudere), so they need motivation from others to do something, but they are usually very smart and artsy when they are too much of a sleepyhead. Example: Princess Syalis from Sleepy Princess in the Demon Castle

Princess Syalis
Princess Syalis

Terms Meaning
Darudere Similar to Nemuidere, but the difference is that where 'Nemui' means sleepy, 'Daru' means sluggish, they are very lazy and sluggish and unlike Nemuidere, they will only do things for people they care for and complain about it through the process of doing something, otherwise they are just dull and lazy to others. Example: Doma Umaru from Himouto! Umaru-chan

tl;dr: Nemui are sleepy characters, where as daru is lazy.

Character(s) that are cat-loving fanatics, it could come in several variations: - They are a nekomimi themselves and just have a lot dere for cats - A regular human that is normal or show no emotion to others, but show their nyandere side when around cats, portrayed through showing imaginary cat ears and paws

Example: Mizuno Kaede from Nyan Koi!

Mizuno Kaede
Mizuno Kaede

Character(s) that indulge in the manipulation of their crush's feelings and humiliating them. They are cold, violent and merciless to others, hence making them difficult to connect with others. The are also sadistic due to finding joy in inflicting pain to their crush. Example: Nagatoro from Don`t Toy with Me, Miss Nagatoro


Terms Meaning
Masodere Character(s) that enjoy humiliating themselves, they compliment sadodere, so when combined together they are called Sadomasodere. Example: Darkness from Konosuba

Character(s) type that is obsessed with getting married right away, even if it's someone they just met, in other words love at first sight, Their insistence on getting married comes from wanting to spent the rest of their life with their love interest, it could be get to the point where it becomes unhealthy, where they may turn into yanderes! Example: Fujinomiya Neko from Masamune-kun no Revenge

Fujinomiya Neko
Fujinomiya Neko

Character(s) who is always calm and collected, especially in the most stressful of situations. They never panic and usually analyze and think through things til' they solve the problem, its rare for them to show affection or emotion to others in varying situations, however they could be hiding how the actually feel deep down. Example: Hishiro Chizuru from ReLife

Hishiro Chizuru
Hishiro Chizuru

Terms Meaning
Shundere Shundere is an extreme version kuudere version, where they are emotionless all the time due to sadness or depression. They choose to lock themselves from others and fully hide their emotions more than the Kuudere . Example: Kuroki Tomoko from Watashi ga Motenai no wa Dou Kangaete mo Omaera ga Warui!

Character(s) that show coldness and hostility on the outside, but have a heart of gold on the inside. Due do their prideful character, they tend to act mean to their love interest as a means to hide how they actually feel, because they don't want to hurt their pride, so they are not honest with themselves.

Types Meaning
Type A: TsunTsun Harsh by default. Only someone close will be able to bring their soft side. Can't seem to control their temper and will lash out for any reason. Example: Taiga Aisaka from Toradora!
Type B: DereDere Sweet by default. Their Tsun side comes out when they get embarrassed. Feeling of awkwardness around feelings and convos about love, overprotective of their partner, this can result in a lash out if their love interest or their relationship is threatened. Example: Makise Kurisu from Steins;Gate

There are several variations of the Tsundere types, which you can check out here

Character(s) whose love and devotion is so strong that they become excessively obsessive and possessive. They are depicted as becoming crazy after falling in love, capable of doing any number of immoral things if it means being able to get closer with their love interest. Also, if they ever think they can't be with their love interest or that he is cheating on her, they'd rather kill him and then herself rather than letting him be with someone else. Example: Yuno Gasai from Mirai Nikki

Yuno Gasai from Mirai Nikki
Yuno Gasai from Mirai Nikki

Character(s) that can never stop having alcohol, they usually will always have alcohol with them, they usually are sober when they are with someone they love. They can also have different personality types, from someone serious and passionate - to someone wild and brute. Example: Vanessa Enoteca from Black Clover

Vanessa Enoteca
Vanessa Enoteca